Most people are familiar with the saying “To the victor go the spoils,” which includes writing (or rewriting) history books to justify defeating the enemy.
With that in mind, see how many of the following questions you can answer correctly.
1. True/False King Ferdinand was given permission to kill indigenous people or make them their slaves by the pope.
2. How many tribal nations have a formal nation-to-nation relationship with the U.S. Government?
3. How many federal and state-recognized American Indian reservations are there?
4. How many states have a recognized American Indian reservation?
5. True/False The Founding Fathers were sympathetic toward Native Americans and recognized their rights under the Declaration of Independence.
6. True/False The Declaration of Independence’s statement that “all men are created equal” included Native Americans.
7. What was the reason for the majority of U.S. Government – Indian wars?
a. White settlers occupying Indian land in violation of treaties
b. U.S. Government ignoring existing treaties due to westward expansion.
c. Loss of livelihood and hunting grounds to encroachment by white settlers.
d. All of the above
8. Indian people are categorized by culture and geography. Which of the following are NOT considered culture areas?
a. Arctic, subarctic, Northwest Coast, Plateau
b. Great Basin, California, Southwest, Mesoamerica
c. Great Plains, Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
d. None of the above
9. In the early 19th Century, Sequoyah, a Cherokee polymath from the Little Tennessee Valley created:
a. A list of treaty violations to present to the U.S. Congress
b. The allotment system to assign land to individuals
c. A syllabary of 86 ornate characters
10. Which of the following places are based on Native American names?
a. Allegheny, Alaska, Adirondack
b. Biloxi, Caddo, Chattanooga
c. Hatteras, Erie, Huron
d. Wyoming, Winnebago, Wichita
e. All of the above
1. True. The first papal bull issued for King Ferdinand in Spain after Columbus returned from the Caribbean stated: “All people of North America are no better than feral animals and may be slaughtered at will.”
And that bull was followed by another that accompanied the North American land grants: “All land grants will be governed by the same rules as the land grants in Spain, to which you have been accustomed. Thus, as usual, any people populating your land defined by the land grant here issued are your slaves.”
2. b. 567 tribal nations
3. c. 334 reservations
4. a. 35 states with reservations
5. False. George Washington was known as Town Destroyer in the Seneca language based on the decimated cornfields and razed villages he promoted. Thomas Jefferson as Governor of Virginia, ordered a war of extermination against the Shawnee.
6. Following that “created equal” statement it states “except the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes, and conditions.
Yes, it really says that. The Natives were accused of being savages for defending their homeland while as one example, at Sand Creek the U.S. Army slaughtered innocent Native Americans who were literally flying the U.S. Flag with a white banner of surrender.
Custer did, indeed, have it coming.
I find it ironic that following WWII the U.S. was more than generous helping to rebuild war zones of former enemies in Germany and Japan, yet few promises made to this country’s original residents have been kept.
7. d. All of the above are reasons for the U.S. – Indian Wars.
The “Manifest Destiny” attitude of America’s early European explorers and subsequent settlers toward the country’s native population was overtly hostile. Land that was virtually stolen, deceptive treaties of which the Indigenous signers were not advised of their true content, and treaties to which both signatories agreed but Congress never ratified are but a part of the sordid tale.
Too many members of the Native population live in substandard conditions with many reservations comparable to a Third World Country and comprise some of the poorest counties in the United States. Yet now the government proposes giving hundreds of thousands of dollars to illegal aliens for being “inconvenienced.”
What’s wrong with this picture?
8. d. None of the above. All represent designated cultural areas.
9. c. A syllabary of 86 characters based on the sound of syllables in the Cherokee language
10. e. All of the above. Hundreds, more likely thousands, of places in the U.S. and Canada retain their Native American names.
SCORES BASED ON NUMBER CORRECT
9 – 10 Cheated or has a college degree in Native American History.
7 – 8 Assumed this was an open-book quiz.
5 – 6 Fan of Longmire series on Netflix.
3 – 4 A few lucky guesses.
0 – 2 Don’t waste your money on lotto tickets.